World Health Organisation (WHO) defines Infertility as, “a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse".
Infertility is a cause of concern for many and is a significant medical problem today which affects an estimated 48 million couples globally. There are multiple factors that contribute to infertility including physiological, genetic, social and environmental. A couple experiencing infertility can be due to the female factor, male factor or a combination of both. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, one third of infertility cases can be attributed to male factors, another one third of infertility cases can be related to female factors and the remaining one third of infertility cases are caused by a combination of factors in both partners.
Despite all odds, thousands of couples with infertility problems could fulfill their dream of parenthood, thanks to the proper treatment options available such as IVF and ICSI.
So when should one ask for help? If a woman is less than 35 years of age and fails to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse, it is time to visit the doctor.